Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower wins presidential election, November 4.
Supreme Court hears arguments in school desegregation case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, December 9¢11.
Ruby McCollum, an African-American woman, went on trial at the Suwanee County Courthouse in Live Oak, Florida, in November 1952 for the murder on August 3, 1952, of Dr. C. LeRoy Adams, a white physician and state senator who was the father of her youngest child. During the trial the prosecution claimed that a dispute over a medical bill was the motive for the murder and successfully challenged attempts by the defense to present testimony regarding the personal relationship between McCollum and Adams. McCollum was found guilty and sentenced to death, but her conviction was overturned by the Florida supreme court because of a procedural error made by the trial judge. In September 1954 she was found unfit to be retried due to insanity and was confined in a mental hospital until her release in 1976. Among the journalists who covered her trial was Zora Neale Hurston, who wrote about the case for the Pittsburgh Courier (October 1952¢April 1953) and whose reporting was extensively quoted by William Bradford Huie in his book Ruby McCollum (1956).