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Reporting Civil Rights: The LOA Anthology
Photograph of Reporting Civil Rights volume covers
REPORTING CIVIL RIGHTS
Part One: American Journalism 1941-1963
ISBN: 1-931082-28-6
$40.00 US / $56.00 CAN
996 pages
REPORTING CIVIL RIGHTS
Part Two: American Journalism 1963-1973
1-931082-29-4
$40.00 US / $56.00 CAN
986 pages

Greenwood, Mississippi, 1964. Police photographer's photo of civil rights demonstration, with Christopher Wren (Look Magazine) at far right. Police sent the photograph to Wren as a warning.

Courtesy Christopher Wren.

Note on the Texts volume 2

This volume collects newspaper reports, magazine articles, book excerpts, the book Segregation by Robert Penn Warren, and one wire service article, published between 1941 and 1965 and dealing with events connected with the African-American civil rights movement in the period between May 1941 and July 1963. Excerpts from books are taken from first editions; in some cases, these excerpts include material that had earlier appeared in periodicals in different form. For example, Segregation, a portion of which originally appeared in Life magazine, is reprinted here from the first edition, published by Random House in 1956. The pieces included have been arranged in the approximate chronological order of the latest events they refer to or describe.

Original wire copy for the Associated Press article included in this volume (Relman Morin, "Violence at Central High," September 23, 1957) is not known to be extant; this article has been reprinted from the most complete version available, in a 1995 Associated Press anthology. The excerpt from Mississippi Black Paper that appears in this volume corrects an error in the text from which it is reprinted, published by Random House in 1965. A ten-paragraph section of Fannie Lou Hamer's affidavit (from page 837, line 28, to page 839, line 14, in this volume) was originally printed within Annell Ponder's affidavit, after the phrase "when I tried to walk I staggered and fell" (at 842.5–6 in this volume).

The following is a list of sources of the texts included in this volume, listed alphabetically by author.

Trezzvant Anderson. Over 500 Negro Arrests in Albany: The Pittsburgh Courier, December 23, 1961. Reprinted by permission of GRM Associates, Inc., agents for The Pittsburgh Courier. Copyright © 1961 by The Pittsburgh Courier; copyright renewed 1989 by The New Pittsburgh Courier.
Joe Azbell. At Holt Street Baptist Church: The Montgomery (Alabama) Advertiser, December 7, 1955. Reprinted by permission of The Advertiser (Montgomery, Alabama).
James Baldwin. They Can't Turn Back: Mademoiselle, August 1960; Fifth Avenue, Uptown: A Letter from Harlem: James Baldwin, Nobody Knows My Name: More Notes of a Native Son (New York: The Dial Press, 1961), pp. 56–71; Down at the Cross: Letter from a Region in My Mind: James Baldwin, The Fire Next Time (New York: The Dial Press, 1963), pp. 25–120. Copyright © 1960, 1961, 1963 by James Baldwin; copyrights renewed. Reprinted by arrangement with the James Baldwin Estate.
David B. Bittan. Ordeal in Levittown: Look, August 19, 1958.
Tolly R. Broady. "Will Two Good White Men Vouch for You?" The Crisis, January 1947. Reprinted by permission of The Crisis Publishing Co., Inc., the publisher of the magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Sterling A. Brown. Out of Their Mouths: Survey Graphic, November 1942. Reprinted by permission of John L. Dennis.
Hodding Carter. Mrs. Means Married Woman: Hodding Carter, Where Main Street Meets the River (New York: Rinehart & Co., 1953), pp. 253–61. Copyright © 1952, 1953 by Hodding Carter. Reprinted by permission of Hodding Carter III.
Reese Cleghorn. Epilogue in Albany: Were the Mass Marches Worthwhile?: The New Republic, July 20, 1963. Reprinted by permission of The New Republic, © 1963 The New Republic, Inc.
Raymond R. Coffey. Waiting in the Rain at the Birmingham Jail: Chicago Daily News, May 7, 1963. Reprinted with special permission from the Chicago Sun-Times, Inc., © 1963 and © 2002.
George W. Collins: Everybody Eats But Americans: The Afro-American (Baltimore), September 2, 1961; Blazing Guns Mark Freedom Fight: Embattled Defenders Fire from Rooftops: The Afro-American (Baltimore), July 20, 1963. Reprinted by permission of the Afro-American Newspapers Archives and Research Center.
Tom Dent. Portrait of Three Heroes: Freedomways, Spring 1965. Reprinted by permission of the Estate of Tom Dent.
Kenneth L. Dixon. Courthouse Square Is Authentic Picture of Occupied Town: The Meridian (Mississippi) Star, October 2, 1962.
Robert J. Donovan. Supreme Court, 9–0, Bans Segregation in Schools: New York Herald-Tribune, May 18, 1954. Copyright © 1954 by The New York Times Co. Reprinted by permission.
Michael Dorman. From We Shall Overcome: Michael Dorman, We Shall Overcome (New York: Dell Publishing, 1965), pp. 199–205. Copyright © 1964 by Michael Dorman. Reprinted by permission of McIntosh & Otis, Inc.
Bob Duke. 2 Mob Victims Ready To Die for Integration: The Montgomery (Alabama) Advertiser, May 21, 1961. Reprinted by permission of The Montgomery Advertiser.
Wilma Dykeman and James Stokely. Montgomery Morning: The Nation, January 5, 1957. Reprinted by permission of The Nation.
Ralph Ellison. Eyewitness Story of Riot: False Rumors Spurred Mob: New York Post, August 2, 1943. Copyright © 1943 by The New York Post. Reprinted by permission.
Samuel L. Gandy. Tallahassee Spirit: Tired of Being Pushed Around: Journal and Guide (Norfolk, Virginia), July 28, 1956. Reprinted courtesy of New Journal and Guide.
Harry L. Golden. A Rabbi in Montgomery: Congress Weekly, May 13, 1957; How to Solve the Segregation Problem: The Carolina Israelite (How To Solve the Segregation Problem, May–June, 1956; How To Solve the Segregation Problem: The White Baby Plan, March–April, 1957; The Golden Vertical Negro Plan in Operation, September–October 1957; The Golden Carry-the-Books Plan, January–February, 1958; Golden Out-of-Order Plan in Operation, May–June, 1958). Reprinted by permission of the Estate of Harry L. Golden.
John Howard Griffin. From Black Like Me: John Howard Griffin, Black Like Me (Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1961), pp. 52–76. Copyright © 1960, 1961, 1977 by John Howard Griffin. Reprinted by permission of Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
David Halberstam. "A Good City Gone Ugly": The Reporter, March 31, 1960; "Good Jelly's" Last Stand: The Reporter, January 19, 1961. Copyright © 1960, 1961 by David Halbertsam. Reprinted by permission of David Halberstam.
Tom Hayden. From Revolution in Mississippi: Tom Hayden, Revolution in Mississippi (n.p.: Students for a Democratic Society, 1962), pp. 8–15. Reprinted by permission of Tom Hayden.
John Herbers. The Reporter in the Deep South: Nieman Reports, April 1962. Reprinted with permission of John Herbers.
James L. Hicks. "We Were Kicked, Beaten": New York Amsterdam News, September 28, 1957; On the Mississippi Warfront: Oxford's a Town All Shook Up: New York Amsterdam News, October 6, 1962. Reprinted by permission of the New York Amsterdam News.
Frank Holloway. Travel Notes from a Deep South Tourist: New South, July–August 1961. Reprinted by permission of the Southern Regional Council.
Len Holt. Eyewitness: The Police Terror at Birmingham: The National Guardian, May 16, 1963. Reprinted by permission of Len Holt.
Bettye Rice Hughes. A Negro Tourist in Dixie: The Reporter, April 26, 1962.
Langston Hughes. Adventures in Dining: Chicago Defender, June 2, 1945; A Brickbat for Education—A Kiss for the Bedroom in Dixie: Chicago Defender, March 24, 1956. Reprinted by permission of Harold Ober Associates Incorporated.
William Bradford Huie. The Shocking Story of Approved Killing in Mississippi: Look, January 24, 1956. Reprinted by permission of Martha Hunt Huie.
Charlayne Hunter. A Walk through a Georgia Corridor: The Urbanite, June 1961. Reprinted with permission of Charlayne Hunter-Gault.
Homer A. Jack. Cicero Nightmare: The Nation, July 28, 1951. Reprinted by permission of The Nation.
Murray Kempton. He Went All the Way; "When the Riots Came" (The Alabama Story; The Way It's Got To Be); "If You Got the Guts…"; The Book; Tear Gas and Hymns; The Hostile Witness: from America Comes of Middle Age: Columns 1950–1962 (Boston: Little, Brown, 1963), pp. 135–37, 148–154, 161–164; 178–185, 196–98. (Title "When the Riots Came," from a phrase within the excerpt, supplied for this volume). Copyright © The Literary Estate of Murray Kempton, Barbara Epstein, executor. Reprinted by permission.
William Kennedy (Stetson Kennedy, pseud.). Dixie's Race Signs "Gone with the Wind": The Pittsburgh Courier, December 9, 1961. Reprinted by permission of GRM Associates, Inc., agents for The Pittsburgh Courier. Copyright © 1961 by The Pittsburgh Courier; copyright renewed 1989 by The New Pittsburgh Courier.
Martin Luther King Jr. Letter from Birmingham Jail: The Christian Century, June 12, 1963. Reprinted by arrangement with the Estate of Martin Luther King Jr., c/o Writers House as agent for the proprietor, New York, New York. Copyright © 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., copyright renewed 1991, Coretta Scott King.
Hannah Lees (Elizabeth Head Fetter, pseud.). The Not-Buying Power of Philadelphia's Negroes: The Reporter, May 11, 1961. Reprinted by permission of Alexander Fetter.
George B. Leonard, T. George Harris, and Christopher S. Wren. How a Secret Deal Prevented a Massacre at Ole Miss: Look, December 31, 1962. Reprinted by permission of Christopher S. Wren.
Anthony Lewis. President Sends Troops to Little Rock, Federalizes National Guard; Tells Nation He Acted To Avoid Anarchy: The New York Times, September 25, 1957. Copyright © 1957 by The New York Times Co. Reprinted by permission.
Charles H. Loeb. Our G.I.'s in S. Pacific Fiercely Resent "Uncle Tom" Roles: New York Amsterdam News, September 1, 1945. Reprinted by permission of the New York Amsterdam News.
Louis E. Lomax. The Negro Revolt against "The Negro Leaders": Harper's, June 1960. Reprinted by permission of Mrs. Louis Lomax.
Stuart H. Loory. Reporter Tails "Freedom" Bus, Caught in Riot: New York Herald-Tribune, May 21, 1961. Copyright © 1961 by The New York Times Co. Reprinted by permission.
Ralph McGill. Men Who Shame Our State and Flag: The Atlanta Constitution, August 18, 1949. Copyright © 1949, The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Reprinted with permission from The Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
Cliff MacKay. Police Dogs in Ala. Spur N.C. Unrest: The Afro-American (Baltimore), June 1, 1963. Reprinted by permission of the Afro-American Newspapers Archives and Research Center.
George McMillan. Race Justice in Aiken: The Nation, November 23, 1946. Reprinted by permission of The Nation. The Ordeal of Bobby Cain: Collier's, November 23, 1956.
March on Washington Committee. Call to Negro America: "To March on Washington for Jobs and Equal Participation in National Defense": The Black Worker, May, 1941. Reprinted by permission of the A. Philip Randolph Institute.
Julian Mayfield. Challenge to Negro Leadership: The Case of Robert Williams: Commentary, April 1961. Reprinted by permission of Commentary; all rights reserved.
Lucille B. Milner. Jim Crow in the Army: The New Republic, March 13, 1944. Reprinted by permission of The New Republic, © 1944, The New Republic, Inc.
Bill Minor. Meredith Blocked at Ole Miss: Times-Picayune (New Orleans), September 21, 1962. Permission to reprint granted by The Times-Picayune Publishing Corporation. All rights reserved.
From Mississippi Black Paper: Mississippi Black Paper (New York: Random House, 1965), pp. 17–24. Copyright © 1965 by Misseduc Foundation, Inc. Used by permission of Random House, Inc.
Anne Moody. From Coming of Age in Mississippi: Anne Moody, Coming of Age in Mississippi (New York: The Dial Press, 1968), pp. 233–55. Copyright © 1968 by Anne Moody. Used by permission of Doubleday, a division of Random House, Inc.
Relman Morin. Violence at Central High: Associated Press wire copy, September 23, 1957, as reprinted in Twentieth-Century America: A Primary Source Collection from the Associated Press, vol. 5: The Eisenhower Years (Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational, 1995), pp. 116–19. Reprinted with permission of The Associated Press.
Pauli Murray. A Blueprint for First Class Citizenship: The Crisis, November 1944. Reprinted by permission of The Crisis Publishing Co., Inc., the publisher of the magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Tom O'Connor. Lynch Law Back in Georgia—4 Murdered: PM, July 28, 1946.
Roi Ottley. Negro Morale: The New Republic, November 10, 1941. Reprinted by permission of The New Republic, © 1941, The New Republic, Inc.
James Peck. Not So Deep Are the Roots: The Crisis, September 1947. Reprinted by permission of The Crisis Publishing Co., Inc., the publisher of the magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
Norman Podhoretz. My Negro Problem—and Ours: Commentary, February 1963. Copyright © 1963 by Norman Podhoretz. Reprinted by permission of Norman Podhoretz.
James Poling. Thurgood Marshall and the 14th Amendment: Collier's, February 23, 1952.
Jack H. Pollack. Literacy Tests: Southern Style: The American Mercury, May 1947.
Ted Poston. Florida's Legal Lynching: The Nation, September 24, 1949. Reprinted by permission of The Nation. From "The Negroes of Montgomery" ("No Sir, I Don't Guess So"; "They Are No Longer Afraid"): New York Post, June 15, 19, 1956 (articles 5 and 8 of a series, June 11–24, 1956; the first subtitle supplied for this volume from a phrase within the excerpt; the second Poston's original title); Martin Luther King: Where Does He Go from Here?: New York Post, April 14, 1957; The 19-Day Ordeal of Minnie Jean Brown: New York Post, February 9, 1958. Copyright © 1956 by The New York Post. Reprinted by permission.
L. D. Reddick. The Bus Boycott in Montgomery: Dissent, Winter 1956. Reprinted by permission of Ella R. Reddick.
James N. Rhea and Ben H. Bagdikian. From "We Went South": The Providence Journal and Evening Bulletin, October 20, 22, 1957. (From a 19-article series, October 20–30, 1957, published under separate bylines, in side-by-side columns, with a common title; individual article titles, drawn from phrases within each article, supplied for this volume). Reprinted by permission of The Providence Journal Company.
Marty Richardson. Charge Two with Lynch Death of 14-Year-Old: Cleveland Call and Post, September 10, 1955.
Carl T. Rowan. From "Jim Crow's Last Stand": Minneapolis Tribune, November 29, 30; December 1, 2, 4, 8, 1953 (parts 1–4, 6, 10 of an 11-part series, November 29–December 9, 1953). Copyright © 1953, Minneapolis Tribune. Reprinted here with the permission of the Star Tribune. No further republication or redistribution is permitted without the approval of the Star Tribune.
Albert L. Rozier Jr. Students Hit Woolworth's for Lunch Service: The Register (North Carolina A & T), February 5, 1960. Reprinted by permission of Ellen Rozier.
Bayard Rustin. Non-Violence vs. Jim Crow: Fellowship, July 1942. Reprinted by permission of Fellowship: The Journal of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, Box 271, Nyack, New York, 10960.
Harrison E. Salisbury. Fear and Hatred Grip Birmingham: The New York Times, April 12, 1960. Copyright © 1960 by The New York Times Co. Reprinted by permission.
Thomas Sancton. The Race Riots: The New Republic, July 5, 1943. Reprinted by permission of The New Republic, © 1943, The New Republic, Inc.
George S. Schuyler. Jim Crow in the North: The American Mercury, June 1949. Copyright © 1949 by George Schuyler, © renewed 1977. Reprinted by permission of GRM Associates, Inc., agents for the Estate of George Schuyler.
Claude Sitton. Negro Sitdowns Stir Fear of Wider Unrest in South: The New York Times, February 15, 1960; Sheriff Harasses Negroes at Voting Rally in Georgia: The New York Times, July 27, 1962; Rioting Negroes Routed by Police at Birmingham: The New York Times, May 8, 1963; Alabama Admits Negro Students; Wallace Bows to Federal Force: The New York Times, June 12, 1963; N.A.A.C.P. Leader Slain in Jackson; Protests Mount: The New York Times, June 13 1963. Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963 by The New York Times Co. Reprinted by permission.
Hedrick Smith. 9-Block Area Lies Devastated; Buildings Still Burn after Riot: The New York Times, May 13, 1963. Copyright © 1963 by The New York Times Co. Reprinted by permission of The New York Times.
Lillian Smith: When I Was a Child: Lillian Smith, Killers of the Dream (New York: W.W. Norton, 1949), pp. 15–31. Copyright 1949, © 1961 by Lillian Smith. Used by permission of W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.
Wendell Smith. It Was a Great Day in Jersey: The Pittsburgh Courier, April 27, 1946. Reprinted by permission of Wyonella Smith / National Baseball Library, Cooperstown: Wendell Smith Papers.
John Steinbeck. "Ain't Those Cheerleaders Something": John Steinbeck, Travels with Charley: In Search of America (New York: The Viking Press, 1962), pp. 220–29. (Title, from a phrase within the excerpt, supplied for this volume.) Copyright © 1961, 1962 by The Curtis Publishing Co., © 1962 by John Steinbeck, renewed © 1990 by Elaine Steinbeck, Thom Steinbeck, and John Steinbeck IV. Used by permission of Viking Penguin, a division of Penguin Putnam Inc.
Richard B. Stolley. A Sequel to Segregation: Life, December 10, 1956. Reprinted by permission of Richard B. Stolley.
L.O. Swingler. Thrown from Train, Attacked: Atlanta Daily World, August 27, 1942. Reprinted by permission of Atlanta Daily World.
Fred Travis. The Evicted: The Progressive, February 1961.
Rick Tuttle. It Was War—and Marshals Were Losing: The Miami Herald, October 2, 1962. Copyright © 1961 by The Miami Herald. Reprinted by permission.
Dan Wakefield. Justice in Sumner: The Nation, October 1, 1955; Respectable Racism: The Nation, October 22, 1955; Eye of the Storm: The Nation, May 7, 1960. Reprinted by permission of The Nation.
Robert Penn Warren. Segregation: The Inner Conflict in the South (New York: Random House, 1956). Copyright © 1956 by Robert Penn Warren. Reprinted by permission of William Morris Agency, Inc., on behalf of the author.
Howard Zinn. Finishing School for Pickets: The Nation, August 6, 1960; Kennedy: The Reluctant Emancipator: The Nation, December 1, 1962. Reprinted by permission of The Nation.

Great care has been taken to trace all owners of copyrighted material included in this book; if any have been inadvertently omitted or overlooked, acknowledgement will gladly be made in future printings.