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No photo available Earl  Caldwell
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(c. 1935- ) Born in Clearfield, Pennsylvania. Educated at University of Buffalo. After college worked as apprentice sportswriter for Clearfield Progress and Lancaster, Pennsylvania, Intelligencer Journal. Hired as reporter for the Democrat and Chronicle in Rochester, New York. Joined staff of New York Herald-Tribune in 1966. Worked for New York Times as local and national reporter. Reported on assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. for New York Times, the only journalist present during the shooting. Refusal to provide information to FBI about Black Panthers led to landmark First Amendment case on reporters' right to protect confidential sources. Wrote column for Washington Star in the 1970s and for New York Post from 1979 until 1994. Was founding director of Institute of Journalism Education, training minority reporters. Author of Black American Witness: Reports from the Front (1994). Lives in New York City.

Also see The Caldwell Journals, Earl Caldwell's serialized account of his years as a Civil Rights journalist, participating in the movement and reporting on it. Part of the Maynard IJE History Project.