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No photo available L. O. Swingler
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(c. 1905-September 25, 1962) Born Lewis Ossie Swingler in Crittenden, Arkansas; moved to Tulsa, Oklahoma as a child, and educated at Booker T. Washington High School. Graduated from University of Nebraska-Lincoln with a journalism degree, 1931. Moved to Memphis in 1931 to edit biweekly Memphis World, remaining, with an interruption during the war, until 1951. Was a co-founder of the Negro Newspaper Publishers Association. Also edited The Sphinx, a publication of Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity (1936-43, 1946-50). Served in the U.S. Army at Fort Benning, where he edited The Bayonet, a service paper. Co-founded Tri-State Defender in Memphis in 1951; succeeded as editor-in-chief by L. Alex Wilson in 1955. After a failed attempt to start his own paper, The Mid-South Times, took job as executive secretary of the Abe Scharff YMCA in Memphis; later worked as high school teacher in Marked Tree, Arkansas, and Mound Bayou, Mississippi. Died in Mound Bayou. Buried in Memphis National Cemetery.