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(February 3, 1907-April 4, 1972) Born William Hodding Carter Jr. in Hammond, Louisiana; educated at Bowdoin (B.A., 1927) and the Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University (1928). After a year as a teaching fellow at Tulane (1928-29), worked as reporter for New Orleans Item-Tribune (1929), United Press in New Orleans (1930), and Associated Press in Jackson, Mississippi (1931-32). Founded, edited, and published Hammond, Louisiana, Daily Courier (1932-36), and Greenville, Mississippi, Delta Star (1936-38). Founded Delta Democrat-Times by merger in 1938, serving as editor and publisher until the mid-1960s, when son Hodding Carter III gradually took on editorship. Awarded a Nieman fellowship at Harvard in 1940, and helped to found daily PM in the same year. Served in Mississippi National Guard during the war; edited Middle East editions of Yank and Stars and Stripes. Won Pulitzer Prize in 1946 for editorials on racial intolerance. In 1955, censured by Mississippi legislature for criticism of White Citizens Councils. Died in Greenville. His books include Lower Mississippi (1942), Civilian Defense for the United States (1942, with Ernest R. Dupuy), The Winds of Fear (novel, 1944), Flood Crest (novel, 1947), Southern Legacy (1950), Gulf Coast Country (1951, with Anthony Ragusin), Where Main Street Meets the River (1953), So Great a Good: A History of the Episcopal Church in Louisiana and Christ Church Cathedral (1955, with Betty Carter), The Angry Scar: The Story of Reconstruction (1959), First Person Rural (1963), The Ballad of Catfoot Grimes and Other Verses (1964), So the Heffners Left McComb (1965), Their Words Were Bullets: The Southern Press in War, Reconstruction, and Peace (1969), and Man and the River: The Mississippi (1970). A biography by Ann Waldron, Hodding Carter: The Reconstruction of a Racist, was published in 1993.

Also see "Mississippi Journalists, the Civil Rights Movement, and the Closed Society, 1960-1964" by David R. Davies. The article, presented at the 1994 convention of the American Journalism Historians Association, provides information about Hazel Smith, Hodding Carter and several other Mississippi journalists.