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No photo available John  Steinbeck
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(February 27, 1902-December 20, 1968) Born in Salinas, California; attended Stanford intermittently (1920-25), afterward working in construction in New York and as reporter for New York American. First novel, Cup of Gold, published in 1929, followed by The Pastures of Heaven (1932), To a God Unknown (1933), and Tortilla Flat (1935), the last a commercial success; Of Mice and Men (1937) became bestseller. Commissioned by San Francisco News in 1936 to write articles on migrant farm workers; The Grapes of Wrath (1939) won Pulitzer Prize in 1940. During World War II worked as war correspondent for New York Herald-Tribune. Published Sea of Cortez, about marine biological expedition, in 1941; The Moon Is Down and Bombs Away in 1942; and Cannery Row in 1945. His subsequent novels include The Wayward Bus (1947), The Pearl (1947), Burning Bright (1950), East of Eden (1952), Sweet Thursday (1954), The Short Reign of Pippin IV (1957) and The Winter of Our Discontent (1961); also published A Russian Journal (1948), Once There Was a War (1958), Travels with Charley: In Search of America (1962), Letters to Alicia (1965), and America and Americans (1966). Died in New York.