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(July 9, 1933- ) Born Hedrick Laurence Smith in Kilmacolm, Scotland. Began newspaper career with Greenville (South Carolina) News. Educated at Williams College (B.A., 1955) and Balliol College, Oxford (1955-56), after which he served for three years in the U.S. Air Force. Worked for United Press International in Memphis, Nashville, and Atlanta from 1959 to 1962, then for New York Times (Washington, D.C., and the South, 1962-63; Vietnam, 1963-64; Cairo, 1964-66; Washington diplomatic correspondent, 1966-71; Moscow bureau chief, 1971-74; deputy national editor, 1975-76; Washington bureau chief, 1976-79; chief Washington correspondent, 1980-85; Times Magazine Washington correspondent, 1987-88). Won Pulitzer Prize for international reporting in 1974 for stories from Russia and Eastern Europe; shared 1972 Pulitzer for role in publication of Pentagon Papers. Since 1989 has been a producer of television documentaries, including The Power Game: How Washington Works (1989), Inside Gorbachev's USSR (1991), Challenge to America (1994), Across the River (1995), Surviving the Bottom Line (1998) and Duke Ellington's Washington (2000). Founded Hedrick Smith Productions in 1990. His books include The Russians (1976), The Power Game: How Washington Works (1988), The New Russians (1990), and Rethinking America (1995).