Home Timeline 1942-1973 Reporters & Writers Perpsectives on Reporting Civil Rights Resources Reporting Civil Rights: The LOA Anthology
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No photo available James  Farmer
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(January 12, 1920-July 9, 1999) Born in Marshall, Texas. Educated at Wiley College in Marshall (B.A., 1938), and at Howard (B.D., 1941). Served as race relations secretary for the Fellowship of Reconciliation (1941-45); co-founded and served as national chairman of Congress of Racial Equality (1942-44, 1950, 1961-66). Worked as labor organizer for Upholsterer's International Union of North America (1945-47); lecturer on race and labor (1948-50); student field secretary of the League for Industrial Democracy (1950-54); international representative of the State, County, and Municipal Employees' Union (1954-59); NAACP program director (1959-61); leader of CORE Freedom Ride (1961); president, from 1965, of the Center for Community Action in Education; assistant secretary for administration, Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (1969-70); president of the Council on Minority Planning and Strategy (1973-76); and executive director of the Coalition of American Public Employees (1977-82). Ran unsuccessfully for Congress from New York (1968). Taught American studies, history, and social welfare at Mary Washington College, New York University, Lincoln University, and Antioch College. Awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1998. Died in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Author of Freedom-When? (1965) and Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography (1985).